- The capital of Canada and its 4th larges city, Ottawa has a population of ~880,000.
- Founded in 1826 (then known as “Bytown”), it was officially incorporated as Ottawa in 1855.
- Initially an Irish and French settlement, it is now a very diverse city – over 16% of residents are foreign born.
- The political center of Canada, Ottawa boasts a very high standard of living.
- Nicknames: Bytown, O-Town, Capital City, The N.C. and O-Dot.
- Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD)
- Spoken languages: predominately English. Many residents also speak French.
- Best time to visit: from May to October. Spring and summer months are mild, while winters can get very cold.
- Arriving via airport: public transport by bus is $3.30 one way. Taxis are available at a cost of approximately $25 to the downtown area.
WHERE TO STAY
Anywhere in the downtown area makes for a convenient stay. The areas surrounding Coventry Road, Albert Street, Daly Avenue. and Bank Street have some of the highest rated hotels in Ottawa.
- Ottawa’s public transit system (OC Transpo) operates city buses, street cars, and Light Rail Transit.
- Fares for the OC Transpo are $3.30 per ride for the bus and $2.85 per ride for the O-Train.
- Ottawa has several taxi companies, including: Blue Line Taxi Co. Ltd. (613) 238-1111, Capital Taxi (613) 744-3333 and Julian Taxi Club (613) 727-0101. Fares start at approximately $3.50, with an additional $1.86 per km.
- Ottawa has a water shuttle taxi service which operates from May to October, boarding from the Casino du Lac Leamy, Canadian Museum of Civilization and the Ottawa Locks (behind Parliament Hill).
- Drinking age is 19. last call is 2:00 AM.
- The hottest area for nightlife in Ottawa is the ByWard Market. A popular farmer’s market and shopping district by day, the area gets going at night.
- Elgin Street has plenty of pubs and restaurants. Nearby Gatineau has delicious French cuisine and live performances.
UNIQUE LANDMARKS TO VISIT
- Visit the Canadian War Museum for an overview of Canada’s military history.
- The Parliament Buildings are open to the public for tours, free of charge, seven days a week. Visitors can take a guided tour of the buildings, attend a debate, and check out the Peace Tower or Memorial Chamber.
- It’s never bad time to check out the Rideau Canal. Take a ride down the canal in a water taxi or boat, skate along the frozen river in the winter, or fish along its banks in the summer. The world’s largest skating rink, this is one of the oldest attractions in Ottawa.
- The Canada Aviation and Space Museum houses one of the top collections of aircraft in the world, with over 115 airplanes and full-size replicas.
- Ottawa has over 150km of greenbelt trails, including: the Trans Canada Trail, Rideau Trail and Capital Pathway Network.
- The Aviation Pathway is a paved 5 km long path that goes through both wooded and open terrain, passing by the Canada Aviation Museum.
- The Carleton Place Trailway is a 7 km walking/biking trail that will take you past gorgeous scenery and 19th century houses.
- If festivals are your thing, consider planning your trip around around Winterlude or The Canadian Tulip Festival in May.
- As Ottawa is located by the province of Quebec, most residents are bilingual – many speak both English and French.
- Where to find good cheap eats: just about anywhere. Check out the restaurants on Carling Avenue, Merivale Road, and Baseline Rd. Just as in any major North American city, check out Yelp for the latest restaurant listings and reviews.
- Dangerous Areas: Ottawa is very safe. If you want to stay on the safe side, avoid the following areas (especially at night): Vanier, Centretown (from Chinatown to Wellington Street), Debra Street, and Ritchie Street.
The Best Ottawa Guide Books:
Recommended trip duration: 1-2 days